Some trailer loading stories! – Misty

Like some other new horse owners, we bought a two year old filly with little or no practical knowledge or experience of horses.  Misty was our family cob.  I ‘started’ her with a traditional training book in one hand and a lunge whip in the other.  And yes, many, mistakes were made.  We were very lucky to have chosen a patient and good-natured horse.

misty in tideMy children had recently joined the local pony club and one thing I did know was that loading ponies into a horse box/trailer/float was frequently a huge problem.  (See Shadow’s story) This, I decided, would not be a problem for us.  So I borrowed a horse box and parked it in the field.  Initially we fed Misty close to the ramp, then moved the bucket onto the ramp and gradually further and further into the box.  She quickly learned that it was a great place to go….very rewarding.  During the hotter days, she discovered that it offered a great escape from flies.

We never lead her or asked her to go in.  She simply made her own arrangements.  There was a front ramp so she could walk out and with no partition in a two-horse box, she could also turn around to come out herself.

So with a completely confident pony, we decided to formalise the training.  The partition went back in and we lead Misty into the box.  There was always a treat to be had inside and by now the sight of a horsebox was sufficient to have her attempt to tow her handler up the ramp!  The one thing we did not train well was the backing off to unload.  We had a front unload for years and it was never an issue.

Some years later, we had to ask her to back off.  She happily obliged but then fell off the final step and gave herself a fright.  At that point clicker training had come into my life and so it was easy to teach her to back out one step at a time with a click and treat after each step.  We then warned her when she reached that step down with a verbal cue “step”.

Now she will happily back to close to the edge of the ramp and wait for her cue to tell her to step down.

 

 

The Dreaded Trailer Loading

trailer rope on bum trailer rear trailer refuseTime and time again, trailer loading a horse comes up as a major problem. We’ve all seen the pictures of horses being pushed, beaten or shoved into a horsebox.  We often see the reactions of frightened horses.  A quick look on YouTube will bring up dozens of videos produced by horse trainers showing how to get a difficult loader into a trailer.  The vast, vast majority of the methods used involve getting a horse to ‘move his feet’ when he’s outside the box and only allowing him to stand when he looks at, then puts a foot on the ramp, two feet on, etc.

Why is loading such a problem?  It is after all, just another behaviour amongst all the many behaviours we teach our horses.  In most cases the problems arise because of the way the horse has been taught to load or, more commonly, how he has been loaded from the start without any training.  Many people assume that loading is simply something the horse should ‘do’ and don’t see any need for training.

“We cannot expect to get a behaviour on a consistent basis unless we have gone through a process of teaching it”  is an Alexandra Kurland mantra that is very important to keep in mind.  So how do we teach trailer loading?   By using all the principles of any good training.

Firstly decide what the final behaviour will look like:  I recommend writing this out.

  • Do you want to lead your horse in?
  • Do you want to send your horse in?
  • Does your horse have to step up onto a ramp?
  • Does your horse have to rearrange himself in the trailer, e.g. move sideways?.
  • Does your horse have to stand while you rearrange partitions?
  • Does your horse have to stand while you close a butt bar?
  • Will your horse be tied up?
  • Will he walk forward to unload?
  • Will he back off the trailer?
  • How will you ask him to come out?
  • Will he have to back down that step?
  • And so on….look at all the options and see exactly what you want.

Now look at your list.  Each step in the loading/unloading process is a behaviour in itself. Before you go near a trailer, it is important that your horse is happy doing each component behaviour.  If there are any gaps in his repertoire, then they need to be addressed before a trailer comes into the picture.  If you have a horse who barges when being lead or panics when tied up, then he is nowhere near ready for the trailer.

One particular step that I find people fail to address adequately is getting the horse off the trailer.  Yes, he has to go in in order to come out but he can certainly learn to back in the field or arena.

For many horses that step down off the ramp backwards is a huge issue.  They cannot see the edge or judge how big the drop is.  They often stumble and panic.  Teach your horse to step onto a timber mat firstly.  Ask for just one foot, then build up to all four feet.  When this is easy, then ask him to step up onto a platform.  Start with one front foot up, then that foot down, repeating until the horse is completely comfortable with this.  Then other front foot up and down before asking your horse to bring up a hind foot.

When a horse is happy putting a hind foot up and down, I usually add a vocal cue to tell him the step down is coming.  This can be a huge help when the horse is trying to locate that step off the ramp or box.

trailer grassReward each step!!  We want our horses to load happily and for the whole training process to be a pleasant experience.  Make sure that being in the trailer is very enjoyable.  As with all clicker training we start rewarding the slightest try with a high rate of reinforcement and gradually build up to more and more complex chains of behaviour.

 

Misty and Marte demonstrate good loading:

And unloading….

 

 

 

Some NZ horses!

It’s hard to take photos during a workshop, so I rarely have nice pics, but here’s a few from New Zealand:

Peanut waits patiently for her treat

Peanut, who is just 2 year old, waits patiently for her treat

And here it comes!

And here it comes!

Buster shows his good manners

Buster shows his good manners

Clayton poses with some of the group.  At just 3 and 1/2 years old, he's already a very big boy!

Clayton poses with some of the group. At just 3 and 1/2 years old, he’s already a very big boy!

Lucy takes a treat polirely

Lucy takes a treat politely

Angel is a Kaimanawa, a feral horse from the central desert region of the North Island

Angel is a Kaimanawa, a feral horse from the central desert region of the North Island

Clayton learns to back up nicely

Clayton learns to back up nicely

New Zealand Workshops

The Click That Teaches instructor, Mary Concannon will be giving at least two workshops in New Zealand early next year.  The first two workshops are for complete beginners.  No previous knowledge is required for either horse or handler.

The first is on 11th and 12th January in Waimauku, Auckland hosted by Monique Masoe.  For bookings or further information contact: Monique at (64) 21 150 9513 or email: moniquemasoe@gmail.com

The following week, 18/19th January, the workshop will be in Whatawhata, Hamilton.  Karen Drummond of Learning About Dogs is the organiser here.  You can contact Karen for more details at (64) 21 655054 or email karen@learningaboutdogs.co.nz

Keep an eye out for details of other workshops in NZ in February.

Liberty clicker training

Liberty clicker training

Looking forward to meeting new clicker trainers from this part of the world!

Sitting and chilling!

Can your horse stand quietly beside you while you do other things? It’s great to have a horse that is patient and will wait happily beside you while you say, open a gate, answer the phone, chat to a neighbour, but many horses are not patient by nature and so you need to train this as a behaviour.Aoife sit chill

Here Aoife is sitting in the arena and Rua is learning to stand quietly beside her. When he’s relaxed, happy and keeping his distance from her, she clicks and treats to tell him that’s the behaviour she wants. As Rua learns patience, the time between clicks becomes ever longer.Aoife sit chill CT

Sunny Day

Summer has finally come to Kerry!  Too hot for riding in the middle of the day, so Newbie and I went for a walk and a potter in the tide.

The Dismount!

It’s wonderful when you have extra people around with cameras who are willing to take pictures when you work.  We have just had an amazing clinic with Alexandra Kurland in Kerry and there were several photographers on hand.   On day one, after a lovely ride on Newbie, we ended up with him standing on a mat.  One of the things that I now take for granted with my clicker trained horse is that he will stand and wait patiently while I perform whatever tasks are necessary around him.  In this case it was simply dismounting and putting the saddle away but when seeing the series of photos, made me think, once again, about how effective clicker training is at producing really well behaved horses!